When you searching for rentals in Denmark, you will come across many Danish rental terms which are new words, phrases and terms that will be unfamiliar to you - because they are in DANISH. (duh!)
Never fear; I have compiled a list to help you navigate and read the various descriptions. You want to make sure you know what you are renting.
If you come across other danish rental terms that you are not familiar with, just drop me an email and I will try to explain them. You can also download a sample Danish rental agreement and familiarize yourself with it. If you have legal questions about your rights, you can get legal advice here.
Types of property
Here is a list of Danish rental terms for the type of dwellings available to rent.
Boligtype ... Type of housing
Hus ... House (detached)
Lejlighed ... Apartment
Ejerlejlighed ... owned apartment (same as Apartment when to comes to renting - it is more to differeniate when buying)
Raekkehus ... Terraced house
Sommerhus ... Summer house or vacation home
Fritidshus ... Same as a sommerhus (summer house)
Andelsbolig ... Condo (can be a shared house or apartment)
Villa ... House - same as a hus
Villalejlighed ... This is an apartment inside a house. Usually a house with 2 to 4 apartments.
The terms below shouldn't apply to you as a renter, but it is useful to know if you look at a property with these terms.
Erhverv ... These are business properties.
Landbrug ... This refers to property to be used for farming or agricultural needs.
Landejendom ... This is a farm or house in the country, which usually comes with lots of acreage.
Helarsgrund ... This refers to land. It means a property can be built here which can be used all year round in reference to summer homes or sommerhus.
Båd ... This is the word for boat and you might come across one or two of these. Don't confuse this with a Bad, which is a bathroom or bath.
Parts of a home
Here are some of the common Danish rental terms used in the descriptions of rentals:
Vaerelse ... Room
Badvaerelse (bad) ... Bathroom
Køkken ... Kitchen
Sovevaerelse ... Bedroom
Stue ... Living room
Altan ... Balcony
Garage ... Garage
Entre ... Entrance
Trapper ... Stairs
Vaskerum/Bryggers ... Washroom/utility room/laundry room
Kontor ... Office
Gaderobe ... Closet
Skue ... Open space/landing
Kaelder ... Cellar
Kvist ... Attic
Udestue ... Enclosed patio/conservatory
Other Danish rental terms that usually crop up in the rental agreements, which you should read very carefully and maybe get someone who can translate it for you, so you know what you are signing.
Alle boligtyper har interesse - all types of homes are of interest
Husleje ... Rent
Ubegraenset ... Unlimited (refers to length of rental)
Ledig fra ... Available from
Lejlighed til leje ... Available to rent
Mdl leje ... Monthly rent
Depositum ... Deposit (usually 3 x the monthly rent)
Husdyr ... Pets (usually you will find a Ja/Nej next to it meaning yes or no to pets) or Tilladt which means pets are allowed
Møbleret ... Furnished: Nej means no, Ja means yes, Delvist means partly.
Varme ... Heat/heating (as in utilities)
Vand ... Water (as in utilities)
En plan ... One-story building
To plan ... Two-story building
Plantegning ... Floor plan
Bofaellesskab ... Shared rental
Leje or Udlejes ... Rent
Fremlejes ... Sublet
Køb ... Buy
Salg ... Sale
Byggeaar – Year Built
Boligareal ... Size of the place given in kvm
Nyistandsat bolig ... Refurbished/updated
When you are viewing apartment rentals, you will come across some unfamiliar danish rental terms or abbreviations. Once you understand what they mean, you will get so much more out of your searches.
The way floors are named is different from the US or UK. The ground floor (or first floor if you're from the US) is known as the stue etage.
Stue is abbreviated as "st" and means the apartment is located on the ground or first floor.
The next floor up is known in the US as the 2nd floor, but in Denmark it is the 1st floor or the "foerst sal" and is abbreviated as "1 sal". This continues as high as the apartment goes "2 sal" means the apartment is located on the 3rd floor, and so forth.
TIP If you don't want to be climbing lots of stairs, remember that most apartments in Denmark do NOT have elevators. The newer ones do, but many of the older apartments do not have elevators, so you will be getting a lot of exercise. Even if the building does have an elevator, you may find that it is only big enough for 2 -3 people, so you'd still have to move furniture up the stairs!
If you see “tv” next to the floor number, it means the apartment is located "til venstre" (on the left) of the landing, and if it is “th”, it means it is "til hoejre" (to the right) of the landing. Not very common, but there is also "mf", which mean "midtfor" or basically it means it is in the center of the floor. If the floor has 3 apartments, one will be tv, mf and th.
So if you see an address that has st.,th, the apartment is located in the stue on the right side.
If you see 2V or 3V in a description, it indicates the number of rooms: 2V is 2vaerelse or 2 rooms. 3V is 3 rooms.
Copenhagen City Codes
When you are looking for a place in Copenhagen you will see the address listed as:
København N – this is the Nørrebro area of the city or the northern section
København V – this is Vesterbro area or the area west of the city
København S – this is the southern part of Copenhagen
København NV – this is the Northwest part of the city
København Ø – this is the east part or Østerbro area
København K – this is the center of the city – downtown
The other Copenhagen listings will have a municipality/kommune listed, such as Farum, Taastrup, Hvidovre, Lyngby, etc.
Cities like Aarhus usually have their listings divided into suburbs like Højbjerg, Risskov, Åbyhøj, etc., so you will need to get a map and locate the various areas of the city before starting your search.
This is the same for many of the larger cities.
I hope these terms will get you started in finding a nice place to live.
Now that you have your list of danish rental terms, you can start searching for your new home here.
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