When you searching for rentals in Denmark, you will come across many Danish rental terms which are new words, phrases and terms that will be unfamiliar to you - because they are in DANISH. (duh!) This page does not deal with rental contracts, but is here to help you understand the terminology in ads and contracts, so you know what to look for in a new rental.
Never fear; I have compiled a list to help you navigate and read the various descriptions. You want to make sure you know what you are renting.
If you come across other danish rental terms that you are not familiar with, just drop me an email and I will try to explain them. You can also download a sample Danish rental agreement and familiarize yourself with it. If you have legal questions about your rights, you can get legal advice here.
Types of property
Here is a list of Danish rental terms for the type of dwellings available to rent.
Boligtype ... Type of housing
Lejlighed ... Apartment
Ejerlejlighed ... owned apartment (same as Apartment when to comes to renting - it is more to differentiate when buying)
Andelsbolig ... Condo (can be a shared house or apartment)
Villalejlighed ... This is an apartment inside a house. Usually a house with 2 to 4 apartments.
Hus ... House (detached property)
Villa ... House - often used to refer to a house with a bit of land,
Bungalow - bungalow, low ceiling house usually with dormer windows
Hus, Villa and Bungalow are often used to mean exactly the same type structure
Etplanshus - A single story house. May have a cellar but not always.
Halvandetplanhus - A one and a half story house, which is just a single story house that has a high roof, which allows to be used as a living space - may already be built out or not
Toplanshus - this is a two story house and is sometimes confused with the Halvandetplanhus that has been built out, yet a topplan must have 2 full floors
Etagehus - a house that has more than 2 stories and is often divided into more than one dwelling with a common entrance.
Dobbelthus - this is a duplex, one house divided into 2 dwellings sharing one common wall, seperate entrances
Raekkehus ... Terraced house, where there are several houses in a row, where neighbors share a common wall
Kædehus - similiar to a terraced house except the shared wall is either offset so neighbors only share a partial wall or they could be connected by a shared garage space
Klyngehus - is similiar to a raekkehus, except it is a small cluster of homes built around a common area, these are very popular in senior housing
Sommerhus ... Summer house or vacation home
Fritidshus ... Same as a sommerhus (summer house)
Parts of a home
Here are some of the common Danish rental terms used in the descriptions of rentals:
Vaerelse ... Room
Badvaerelse (bad) ... Bathroom
Koekken ... Kitchen
Sovevaerelse ... Bedroom
Stue ... Living room
Altan ... Balcony
Garage ... Garage
Entre ... Entrance
Trapper ... Stairs
Vaskerum/Bryggers ... Washroom/utility room/laundry room
Kontor ... Office
Gaderobe ... Closet
Repos ... Open space/landing
Kaelder ... Cellar (some can be rented out as an apartment but they have to meet certain requirements)
Kvist ... Attic
Udestue ... Enclosed patio/conservatory
Arbejdvaerelse - study
Raekvaerk/gelaender - railing, bannister
Ovenlysvindue - skylight
Vindue - Window
Forstue - Entrance Hall, Foyer
Yderdoer - exterior door
Have - garden
Skorsten - Chimney
Brandoevn - wood stove (very modern)
Grundplan - Site plan / layout
Gulvvarme - underfloor heating
Redskabsskur- shed (most houses and especially raekkehus will have one since homes do not have that much storage space)
Koekkenhave - vegetable garden, even some apartments will have a communal garden
Cykelkælder - Bicycle room or celler, this is very common in highrise apartments since bicycling is a very common mode of transport, these rooms are only accessible to those living in the complex
The terms below shouldn't apply to you as a renter, but it is useful to know if you look at a property with these terms.
Erhverv ... These are business properties.
Landbrug ... This refers to property to be used for farming or agricultural needs.
Landejendom ... This is a farm or house in the country, which usually comes with lots of acreage.
Helarsgrund ... This refers to land. It means a property can be built here which can be used all year round in reference to summer homes or sommerhus.
Båd ... This is the word for boat and you might come across one or two of these. Don't confuse this with a Bad, which is a bathroom or bath.
Other Danish rental terms that usually crop up in the rental agreements, which you should read very carefully and maybe get someone who can translate it for you, so you know what you are signing.
Alle boligtyper har interesse - all types of homes are of interest
Husleje ... Rent
Ubegraenset ... Unlimited (refers to length of rental)
Ledig fra ... Available from
Lejlighed til leje ... Available to rent
Mdl leje ... Monthly rent
Depositum ... Deposit (usually 3 x the monthly rent)
Husdyr ... Pets (usually you will find a Ja/Nej next to it meaning yes or no to pets) or Tilladt which means pets are allowed
Møbleret ... Furnished: Nej means no, Ja means yes, Delvist means partly.
Varme ... Heat/heating (as in utilities)
Vand ... Water (as in utilities)
En plan ... One-story building
To plan ... Two-story building
Plantegning ... Floor plan
Bofaellesskab ... Shared rental
Leje or Udlejes ... Rent
Fremlejes ... Sublet
Køb ... Buy
Salg ... Sale
Byggeaar – Year Built
Boligareal ... Size of the place given in kvm
Nyistandsat bolig ... Refurbished/updated
When you are viewing apartment rentals, you will come across some unfamiliar danish rental terms or abbreviations. Once you understand what they mean, you will get so much more out of your searches.
The way floors are named is different from the US or UK. The ground floor (or first floor if you're from the US) is known as the stue etage.
Stue is abbreviated as "st" and means the apartment is located on the ground or first floor.
The next floor up is known in the US as the 2nd floor, but in Denmark it is the 1st floor or the "foerst sal" and is abbreviated as "1 sal". This continues as high as the apartment goes "2 sal" means the apartment is located on the 3rd floor, and so forth.
TIP If you don't want to be climbing lots of stairs, remember that most apartments in Denmark do NOT have elevators. The newer ones do, but many of the older apartments do not have elevators, so you will be getting a lot of exercise. Even if the building does have an elevator, you may find that it is only big enough for 2 -3 people, so you'd still have to move furniture up the stairs!
If you see “tv” next to the floor number, it means the apartment is located "til venstre" (on the left) of the landing, and if it is “th”, it means it is "til hoejre" (to the right) of the landing. Not very common, but there is also "mf", which mean "midtfor" or basically it means it is in the center of the floor. If the floor has 3 apartments, one will be tv, mf and th.
So if you see an address that has st.,th, the apartment is located in the stue on the right side.
If you see 2V or 3V in a description, it indicates the number of rooms: 2V is 2vaerelse or 2 rooms. 3V is 3 rooms.
Update: People were confused about the left and right, when you go up the stairs and reach the landing, the apartment to your right is "th". If you get off an elevator this will be the opposite.
Copenhagen City Codes
When you are looking for a place in Copenhagen you will see the address listed as:
København N – this is the Nørrebro area of the city or the northern section, post code is 2200
København V – this is Vesterbro area or the area west of the city post codes range from 1500 -1799
København S – this is the southern part of Copenhagen, post code 2300
København NV – this is the Northwest part of the city, post 2400
København Ø – this is the east part or Østerbro area, post code 2100
København K – this is the center of the city – downtown, post codes range from 1000 - 1499
København SV – this is the Southwest part of the city, post code is 2450
The other Copenhagen listings will have a municipality/kommune listed, such as Farum, Taastrup, Hvidovre, Lyngby, etc.. You can find their corresponding postcodes here.
Cities like Aarhus usually have their listings divided into suburbs like Højbjerg, Risskov, Åbyhøj, etc., so you will need to get a map and locate the various areas of the city before starting your search.
This is the same for many of the larger cities.
I hope these terms will get you started in finding a nice place to live.
Now that you have your list of danish rental terms, you can start searching for your new home here.
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