Denmark has several public holidays in 2014, which are known as helligdage.
Below you will find a list of the various public days and the date they are held. Most are held in the first part of the year and than there is a long dry spell until December. Not holidays are days off work, but have tried to give an idea of which days you can expect to get off. The good news is that you get 5 weeks paid holiday each year from your company, which can help with that dry spell late in the year.
January 1, 2014 is Nytårsdag or New Years Day and all business are closed on that day. (this falls on a Wednesday)
February 2, 2014 is Fastelavn or Shrovetide, which is a celebration with children dressing up in costumes and beating up a barrel with a stick. Fastelavn is celebrated on the Sunday before Lent. Businesses do not close on this day.
March 30th is not a holiday, but it is when summertime starts so remember to change you clocks - set them 1 hour ahead.
March 25, 2014 is not a holiday, but it is the start of summertime and all clocks are set forward an hour.
April 1, 2014 is Aprilsnar or April Fools' Day and in like so many other countries, this is a day for pulling pranks on your friends and colleagues. Everyone seems to get on the act, even the media and politicians. Businesses are open.
April 9 is called Occupation Day or Besættelse Dag and commemorates the day that German started the occupation of Denmark.
April 16th is the Queen's birthday and tho it is NOT a holiday, many people do take the day off to go visit the Queen and wish her happy birthday. Royal birthdays are still very popular in Denmark and celebrated my many Danes.
Påske or Easter consists of 4 days and all businesses are closed during this time. Businesses are open on the Saturday between the 4-day hellidage.
April 13, 2014 is Palm Sunday and is the start of the Easter season.
April 17, 2014 is Skærtorsdag or Maundy Thursday, commemorating the last supper.
April 18, 2014 is Langfredag or Good Friday commemorating the Crucifixion of Christ.
April 20, 2014 is Påskedag or Easter Sunday commemorating the Resurrection of Jesus.
April 21, 2014 is 2 påskedag or 2nd Easter Day and comes on the Monday following Easter Sunday.
May 1 is Arbejdernes Kampdag / Labour Day and a free day from work. Celebrates the social and economic improvements for workers. This will fall on a Thursday in 2014.
May 5 is Befrielse Dag / Liberation of Denmark from German, Denmark celebrates Liberation, when the German troops surrendered on 4th May 1945 and freedom took effect on May 5. Not a day off work holiday, but a celebration day.
May 16, 2014 is called Store Bededag or Great Prayer Day and is to celebrate the various prayer days and is always on the 4th Friday after Easter. All businesses are closed. It is a tradition to go the local bakery the night before St. Bededag and get "varme hveder" or wheat rolls to eat with melted butter and jam. On May 15th you will find long lines at your bakery getting these treats - join in, because not much else happens on this holiday.
May 29, 2014 is Kristi Himmelfartsdag or Ascension Day is held 40 days after Easter Sunday.
June 5, 2014 is Grundlovsdag:or Constitution Day and celebrates the signing of the Danish Constitution in 1849. All businesses close at 12noon.
June 08, 2014 is Pinsedag or Whit Sunday, which is held 50 days after Easter and celebrates the birth of the church.
June 09, 2014 is 2nd Pinsedag or Whit Monday and is part of the Whitsun celebrations. Businesses are closed.
June 15, 2014 is Flag Day or Valdemars Dag, which is the date when the flag fell from the skies and Denmark got its flag. This is not a free day .. still got to work. Not really, cuz in 2014 it falls on a Sunday.
June 23, 2014 is Sankthansaften or Midsummer Night and is celebrated with bonfires all over Denmark; it is again not a public holiday, where businesses close. The celebration happens at night, when everyone gathers to watch the bonfires at sunset.
Now comes the bad news ---- no more HOLIDAYS FOR A LONG TIME!
October 26, 2014 marks the end of summertime and the clocks go back an hour on this day.
November 10, 2014 is Mortens Aften or Saint Martins Eve which is a unique celebration to Denmark. The Danes will eat goose or duck for their evening meal in honour of the legend of Bishop Martin of Tours. The story goes that the missionary hid out in a goose shed to avoid being consecrated as a bishop. But the geese started cackling and gave away his hiding place. So he declared that every November 10, geese should be served as the main meal in order to get back at them for their deception.
The first Sunday of December is the start of the Christmas Holidays and this is a good time to start brushing up on your singing and learning a few good Danish Christmas Songs. This first Sunday or advent Sunday is not a legal holiday. But you should be aware of the tradition if living in Denmark, since you might be invited over for traditional Danish cookies and gløg!
December 13, 2014 is Saint Lucia Day /Sankta Lucia and is heralded by parades of girls dressed in white and carrying lit candles. This is based on a Swedish tradition, celebrating the martyr, Sancta Lucia, who distributed food to the beggars before the New Years Fast.
The parade is led by one girl, Lucia Queen, wearing a crown of candles and the girls all singing the Lucia song. It is well worth attending a church service this day to be part of this celebration.
Now comes a holiday at last! The Christmas break which in 2014 will give us 5 days off in a row since the 24th is on a Wednesday.
December 24, 2014 is Juleaftensdag or Christmas Eve, the day that most Danes celebrate Christmas. You can find out more about a traditional Danish Christmas below.
December 26, 2014 is 2. Juledag or Boxing Day and stores are not usually open. Grocery stores are open, but the major stores do not open until the 27th, when many of the sales start.
and finally we have
December 31, 2014 which is New Years Eve or Nytårsaften.
School vacations will vary a bit from year to year, but here is a general guideline. It is best to use the week numbers versus the dates, since holidays are based on week numbers. If you are unfamiliar with the week numbers check out Danish Week Numbers.
School starts on January 2, 2014 (week 1)
Winter School Holiday usually starts in (week 6/7), which is February 08 - 16, 2014
Easter Break / Påskeferie: April 12 -21, 2014 (week 15)
Summer School Holiday: June 28 - August 10, 2014 (week 26 - 33),
Autumn School Holiday / Efterårsferie: Oct 11- 19,2014 (week 42),
Christmas holiday / Juleferie - December 23, 2014 - Jan 2, 2015 (week 51)
Now if you have children attending school, it is always best to check with your school to make sure they are on the same schedule. This is only a general school guide and should be pretty close to your school. The school holiday dates start with the first full free day and end with the last free day.
For example: Some schools start earlier back from summer break and some a bit later.